Generally speaking, the sun room has two meanings: one is that it realizes the intimate contact between the room and the sun, even on the cold winter day, you can also enjoy the warmth of the sun. Second, due to the unique thermal insulation effect of the sun room, the function of the greenhouse can be realized, even in the cold winter, it can also create a warm room environment for the family.
Sun rooms are classified according to roofing materials: glass roof sun rooms, broken bridge aluminum roof sun rooms, Degao tile roof sun rooms, color steel plate roof sun rooms.
The sun room is classified by structure: steel structure sun room, aluminum structure sun room, steel and aluminum structure sun room, wood structure sun room.
Classified by the location of the sun room: terrace sun room, garden sun room, closed-door sun room, underground courtyard sun room, closed balcony sun room.
Sunrooms are classified according to their shapes: creative roof sunrooms, combined roof sunrooms, modeling roof sunrooms, and single inclined roof sunrooms.
European style sun room classification: Mediterranean style sun room, Byzantine sun room, Victorian sun room, Gothic sun room.
Various systems of the sun room: sloping roof skylight system, intelligent shading system, natural ventilation system, energy-saving Low-E glass, falling water system.
The structure of the sun room: The main structure of the sun room is the vitality of the sun room and bears the greatest strength support. Therefore, the main structure material cannot be ignored. Generally speaking, the main structure of the sun room uses square steel as the main load-bearing material. Some medium and small sun rooms and high-end sun rooms may also use broken bridge aluminum alloy structures.
The basic surrounding pillars of the sun room structure are necessary, plus the cross beams and longitudinal beams supporting the color steel plate or tempered glass on the top surface to form a net structure. This kind of sun room material is very strong and safe. The cost and performance of various materials are different, and consumers can choose by themselves according to their economic affordability.
Classified according to the main structure of the sun room:
1. Steel structure sun room
2. Heat insulation aluminum alloy structure sun room
3. Composite structure (including steel-wood composite structure, aluminum-wood composite structure) sun room
4. Wood structure sun room
5. Dimmable sun room (application of high-tech dimming glass.)
Roof features and materials:
1. Tempered glass roof:
Advantages: The best permeability is the glass roof sun room,
Disadvantages: The permeability of the glass is good, but the heat insulation and heat preservation are not very good.
Figure 1 The Roof features and materials: tempered glass roof
2. Color steel roof sun room:
Advantages: Color steel plate has better heat insulation and heat preservation,
Disadvantages: The color steel plate is opaque, and the color tone is single and not high-grade.
Figure 2 The Roof features and materials: Color steel roof
3. Degao tile roof sun room:
Advantages: The roof is composed of five layers such as Deco tiles and sauna boards for heat insulation, good heat preservation, and various colors, and the appearance is beautiful and beautiful.
Disadvantages: The daylighting is not good enough, and the price is relatively high; you can open skylights on the top and design tall windows around to help daylight and ventilate.
Figure 3 The Roof features and materials: Degao tile roof
4. Sunshine board sun room:
Advantages: The frame is filled with insulating glass fiber reinforced plastic in the middle of the broken aluminum, which has good permeability and good heat insulation.
Disadvantages: The cost is relatively high.
Figure 4 The Roof features and materials: sunshine board
Sunroof materials mainly include tempered glass, sun board, color steel plate, Deco tile, broken bridge aluminum, and so on. The traditional craftsmanship of the top of the sun room is mostly tempered glass. The second-generation thermal insulation sun room and the third-generation broken-bridge aluminum sun room have been put on the market one after another: the change of the top material has solved the problem of overheating in the summer of the glass roof sun room.
In recent years, the latest technology of dimming sunlight room products has appeared in the domestic market, and they have been successfully applied to most well-known office buildings. When the power is off, the glass is opaque. When the power is on, the glass is transparent, which can protect indoor privacy and control the intensity of indoor sunlight.
The dimmable sun room uses dimming glass with a hollow structure as the outer wall and ceiling. The transparent and opaque state of the sun room can be controlled by a switch or remote control. While privacy protection is achieved, the strength of the sun can be effectively controlled, which is very convenient.
Use of surface materials
The surface materials of the sunshine house mainly include plastic steel doors and windows, broken bridge aluminum doors and windows, aluminum-clad wood doors and windows, or color steel plates.
The surrounding sun room materials are used, and you can choose plastic steel door and window profiles, broken bridge aluminum door and window profiles, aluminum-clad wood doors, and windows, or color steel wall panels. The surrounding glass can be made of ordinary insulating glass or tempered insulating glass or high-end dimming glass, with plastic-steel door and window profiles or broken bridge aluminum door and window profiles as the framework. For spans greater than 3 meters, steel pipes can be appropriately added as column supports, and the surface is sprayed with fluorocarbon. Paint, structural stability is better than aluminum alloy.
Remember to open windows that allow the outside air to flow through the sun room, and the inside must be able to ventilate.
Sun room shape classification: single inclined roof sun room shape roof sun room combination roof sun room special roof sun room.
The so-called sun room is the second creation of high-end living spaces such as villas and duplex apartment terraces. The sun room is commonly known as the glasshouse. The sun room can be built on the terrace of the duplex building, the private garden on the first floor, the top floor of the building, private villas, etc. It's building façade even includes the top, all of which is made of glass.
Because the room needs to be lighted and ventilated and has a good sealing effect, most of the facade and top of the sun room is composed of openable doors and windows. The quality of the doors and windows determines the success of the sun room.
Based on the above characteristics of the sun room, when we design and build the sun room, the overall shape and structure of the sun room for different purposes should be determined by the surrounding environment and the constraints of the site, and then the corresponding sun room shape scheme should be designed.
European style sun room
The main styles of European sun room are Mediterranean sun room, Victorian sun room, Byzantine sun room, Gothic sun room.
For a perfect sun room, the frame must be designed by a professional structural engineer. The materials meet the basic international requirements. The construction process is also very important. Every detail must be paid special attention to, such as the matching of materials and the connection of the frame materials. Try to hide it as much as possible, even a small screw will affect the overall appearance.
Figure 5 The European style sun room
Terrace sun room
The main styles of the terrace sun room are: one-walled terrace sun room, two-walled terrace sun room, three-faced wall terrace sun room, special-shaped wall-facing terrace sun room.
Sealing the terrace closes the home's terrace into a glass-transparent terrace sun room. There is one more sunny space in the home, and the room will be brighter all at once, and the lighting effect is also very good.
Figure 6 The terrace sun room
Garden sun room
The styles of the garden conservatory are a one-sided wall garden conservatory, two-sided wall garden conservatory, three-sided wall garden conservatory, and four-sided wallless garden conservatory.
The garden sun room is generally designed in Chinese style, Japanese style, and European style. Chinese-style and European-style garden conservatories are very delicate and require relatively high stone materials. They also need to be equipped with precious flowers and plants. The investment is relatively large; the Japanese style is relatively suitable for ordinary families to choose from. The garden conservatories have many small views. The required materials such as bamboo and pebbles are easily available and inexpensive. However, courtyards rarely follow the requirements of various styles and are designed invariably. Designers generally integrate several styles to look diversified.
Figure 7 The garden sun room
The frame material of the sunshine room is welded with high-strength carbon steel, the structure is firm, and the introduction of foreign advanced spraying technology, to keep the paint surface as new and never rust.
According to various needs, the door and window house provides various types of special glass roofs such as tempered, laminated, hollow, etc., which are novel in shape, beautiful in design, safe in structure, high-sealed process structure to ensure that the seal does not leak, and has superior heat preservation and heat insulation. , Waterproof and anti-ultraviolet performance.
The second creation of high-end living spaces such as villas, duplex buildings, and terraces, the breadth of the occupants’ noble life, the introduction of nature into the residence, let the sun bathe life, transparent contact with the starry sky, close dialogue with wind and rain, like a picture in a modern city Picturesque scenery.
Details that need to be paid attention to in the design and construction of the sun room:
Sun room design detail 1: Paving floor tiles.
When planning the garden in the exclusive sun room, the floor tiles do not need to be laid too flat, preferably a little ravine. This is good for retaining water and soil. Natural geology and landforms are also adopted in this way. A more environmentally friendly and scientific way. The corners of the floor drain on the roof should be properly lowered to allow the excessive moisture in the soil to drain from the floor drain.
In addition, it is necessary to lay an isolation layer similar to a non-woven fabric on the board to prevent water from taking away the mud and sand during the process of water leakage and even blocking the pipeline.
Figure 8 Sun room design detail: Paving floor tiles
Sun room design detail 2: Plant selection.
When the sun room owner needs to plant some natural plants in the sun room, please pay attention to selecting plant species that love humidity and heat, because the sun room, especially the Beijing sun room, has a long sunshine time, and the sun room is generally sealed performance is better.
Figure 9 Sun room design detail: Plant selection
Sun room design details 3: Lockers.
When the owner of the sun room needs to arrange a corner of the sun room as a locker, you must not plant too many plants near that corner, otherwise, you must pay attention to the moisture-proof treatment of the locker.
Figure 10 Sun room design details: Lockers
Sun room design details 4: Sun room drainage system.
When designing the sun room, attention should be paid to the setting of the drainage system, especially the pool area should not be too large. If the water volume is large, it is prone to spills, which will cause damage to the building's safety over time. The design of the sun room must have doors and windows for ventilation.
Figure 11 Sun room design details: Sun room drainage system
First, lay the floor tiles and make the garden in the sun room. The floor tiles must not be laid too flat. The corners of the floor drain should be properly lowered so that the water that separates the soil can flow down from the floor drain.
Before designing, you must tell the designer whether there are any other designs besides the landscape layout in the sun room. If a glass canopy is set up on the balcony, the plants planted should be wet and hot. If there is a corner to be a storage room, then there must not be too many plants near that corner, otherwise, the storage room will be damp.
Then build the structure and build a floor drain system on the balcony of less than 10 square meters. It only takes one day to lay the partition on the ground. The distance between the board and the ground is about 10 cm. Keep a certain distance apart and leave a gap for water leakage. Lay an isolation layer similar to a non-woven fabric on the board to prevent water from taking away the sand during the process of leakage.
Finally, paving the soil and planting trees. The ratio of soil is very particular. It is best to dig soil around the transplanted plants. If conditions do not permit, you need to adjust the soil yourself. The ratio should be 2:1:1—2 parts of landslide, 1 part of mulch, 1 part Yellow sand.
Waterproof: natural achievement, safety first
The waterproofing of the balcony is mainly reflected in the waterproofing of the balcony window and the ground. As far as balcony windows are concerned, the quality of the windows should be emphasized, the airtightness should be good, and the inside and outside of the waterproof frame should not be mistaken. Ground waterproofing:
The first is to ensure that the ground has a slope. The lower side is the drain.
The second is to ensure that the balcony and the living room have a height difference of at least 2 to 3 cm.
It is difficult to make the living room and balcony have such a height difference. It is recommended to use a marble slab for decoration, which is practical and beautiful. Of course, the two ends and the bottom of the slate must be properly caulked and leak-proof. Use cement to add a trap.
Pay attention to the problem
Because it is easy to take care of, the simple and fresh Japanese style is increasingly accepted by the owners. As long as it is specially designed, not only large houses, but small apartments can also fully enjoy the bright sunshine of the sun room.
When a friend comes to the house, he can use the sun room as a reception room; if one person tastes tea and reads a book, the sun room becomes a natural study room.
It is best not to open up the sun room of a small bedroom separately, just let the space transition smoothly.
The materials used in the Japanese-style sun room are mainly natural pebbles and stone. The color matching gives people a simple and quiet feeling. The detailed design is very particular, a small stone lamp can reflect the essence of style.
At the same time, the Japanese-style sun room design can also be matched with a variety of home styles. If the area is large enough, you can also place a coffee table and iron chairs, and the sun room can become a quiet resting place.
Figure 12 The Japanese-style sun room design
The hardware of the sun room must be excellent
When choosing a sun room, we must pay great attention to the choice of door and window performance. Due to the large load-bearing capacity of the sun room, its frame is different from ordinary sliding doors. It uses high-grade aluminum alloy and steel to increase the wall thickness and width to make the supporting force stronger.
The doors and windows use double-layer hollow warm glass, and the roof is made of toughened glass. Special anti-collision strips are sandwiched between the glass and metal frame, and special sealing strips can be used to prevent rain and snow.
In addition, we must pay attention to the ventilation system, otherwise, it will not only be harmful to the building itself but also affect the health of the residents. Therefore, a roof ventilation skylight is essential. Or installing an electric fan is also a good way to ventilate even without opening the door.
Sunshine room design includes architectural design and structural design.
The main content of an architectural design is to plan and design the shape of the sun room, the materials used, the plane layout, lighting, ventilation, etc. according to the customer's functional requirements and economic capabilities.
Structural design refers to the calculation of the design load according to the building code through comprehensive consideration of the self-weight of the sun room, the use of the sun room, the load during the construction process, the wind load, and the snow load based on the architectural design, and then the structural check calculation according to the design load. Calculate the size of the beam and column section of the sun room, the wall thickness of the structure, and the connection method of the nodes according to the building codes. Only through the structural design of the sun room can safe use be guaranteed.
Figure 13 The sunshine room design
The sun room should be designed according to the user's functional requirements, aesthetics, hobbies, and economic ability. Everyone's conditions are different, and the design requirements are also different. When designing the sun room, the following applicability issues need to be considered:
1. If you have a small housing area, to expand the living space, the construction of the sun room requires high privacy and low economic level, you can choose insulation board roof, plastic steel doors and windows, and insulation walls as peripheral maintenance products.
Although this kind of product is not strictly a sunshine room, it is low in price and economical and practical. The disadvantage is poor lighting and general ventilation. If the skylight is added, it will be greatly improved.
2. If you build sunlight mainly for growing flowers and grass in winter, you need to have better ventilation in the sun room, proper sunshine, and plastic steel windows should be used for peripheral maintenance, and a sun room with a glass roof and a larger skylight should be used. The price of this kind of sun room is lower, but the indoor temperature is higher in summer, and a sunshade is required.
3. If your housing area is large, especially for villa buildings, your sun room is mainly used for winter recreation, fitness, flower growing, etc. You should choose a mobile sun room with a movable roof that can be opened. This kind of sun room will not have the problem of poor lighting in the insulation board sun room and high indoor temperature in summer in the fixed daylight roof sun room.
4. If it is a sun room that needs traditional architectural functions (such as characteristic living room, study room, activity room, etc.), it is advisable to choose a tempered hollow glass roof, and be equipped with an appropriate amount of special hollow glass skylights, such as broken bridge aluminum hollow glass windows or aluminum wood Composite hollow glass windows are used as peripheral maintenance products. When in use, it is also necessary to be equipped with special sun shades, sunshades, invisible screens, and other products.
5. For villa-like buildings, customers who are mainly used for leisure, fitness, planting flowers and plants, etc., can choose a full-light glass sun room and can make sunshades and skylights.
6. Traditional building (such as characteristic living room, study room, activity room, etc.) sun room, it is recommended to use tempered insulating glass roof, and equipped with special glass