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Glass is an item that we often touch and use in our daily lives. From daily necessities such as glass chandeliers to building decoration materials such as glass curtain walls, glass has made a great contribution to the development of the world's building materials industry. Glass, especially deep-processed tempered glass, as a common indoor and outdoor decoration material, has the characteristics of lightweight and easy cleaning compared to other building materials. For example, the stair glass and the non-slip glass for outdoor decoration that we can often see belong to the category of tempered glass.

Next, we will start with tempered glass, building material for indoor and outdoor decoration, by briefly introducing what is a glass staircase and what is non-slip glass, explaining its characteristics, and introducing the safety glass used for stair railing protection, forming a pair of staircase glass A simple understanding of decoration.

What is a glass staircase?

Definition: 

A glass staircase is a staircase made of glass in whole or in part. No matter what material the finished glass staircase is matched with, it mainly highlights the transparent texture of the glass material.

Classified by composition material:

1. All-glass stairs: The load-bearing parts of the stairs, such as steps, pillars, and structural beams, and handrail fences are all made of glass, with only a few metal fixings or no fixings installed.

2. Part of the glass staircase --- can be specifically divided into:Steel structure glass stairs (for structural pillars or beams, see metal structure + glass step surface + glass handrail fence).

Wooden structure glass stairs (structure pillars or beams adopt wooden structure + glass step surface + wooden handrail fence).

Glass stairs of other structures (for structural pillars or beams, see any other non-glass materials such as aluminum or cement structure + glass step surface + wooden handrail fence). 

Glass stair parts (only one of the handrails or the step surface is made of glass).

The scope of application of glass stairs: all places where stairs can be installed. Such as household duplex buildings, villas, commercial premises, factories, schools, etc.

The glass staircase

The glass staircase

What is the safety glass used in the stairs?

Safety glass refers to tempered glass, laminated glass, and other glass products made of tempered glass or a combination of laminated glass that comply with current international standards, such as safety insulating glass. According to different needs, safety glass can be made of ordinary glass, tempered glass, heat-reinforced glass, or hollow glass. Safety glass has good safety, impact resistance, and penetration resistance, and has the functions of anti-theft, explosion-proof, and anti-impact.

The tempered glass 1

The tempered glass 1

Tempered glass is tempered reinforced glass. When the glass is uniformly heated to the softening temperature, the glass is quenched with a cooling medium such as high-speed air. There is uniform compressive stress on the surface of the glass, which can improve the mechanical strength and thermal shock resistance of the glass. When air is used as the cooling medium, it is called tempering; when oil and other liquids are used as the cooling medium, it is called liquid tempering; when molten salt is used as the cooling medium, it is called salt bath tempering. According to the degree of rigidity and the shape of the product, it can be divided into complete tempered, regional tempered, semi-tempered, flat tempered, and curved tempered. The bending strength of tempered glass is 3 to 5 times larger than that of untreated glass and can reach 150 to 250 MPa, and the thermal stability is increased by 3 to 4 times. It can withstand sudden changes in temperature of 200 to 250 ℃, and there is no sharpness when broken. The angular particles have little harm to the human body and are widely used safety glass.

The pressure test on tempered glass

The pressure test on tempered glass 

What is the safety glass used in the stairs?

The anti-slip glass floor is an innovative floor material with superior performance and safety. It is processed by a multi-layer process. The top sheet is made of tempered glass and the surface is coated with a special anti-slip film (NSS).

The safty glass 1

The safty glass 1

1. Anti-slip: The anti-slip layer on the surface of the anti-slip glass has a high friction coefficient, which provides a guarantee for the anti-slip performance of the anti-slip glass floor, and can walk as desired without slipping.

2. Transparent: The glass floor after the anti-slip treatment still maintains the characteristics of transparency, which fully realizes the unobstructed line of sight, visual integration, and makes the visual space more open.

3. Safety: The substrates of the non-slip glass floor have high strength and can withstand large loads without breaking. The non-slip glass floor formed by the interlayer can not only withstand greater loads, even if the non-slip glass substrate is accidentally damaged At the same time, but the lower glass can also still provide enough support to ensure safety.

4. The anti-slip layer does not fall off The anti-slip layer is sintered with the glass and becomes an integral part of the glass, so it can be rubbed for a long time without falling off.

The safty glass 2

The safty glass 2

What are the general specifications of high-grade glass stairs?

The height of each step of the stair-step is generally 15cm~20cm (considering the convenience of walking for the elderly and children, no more than 18 cm, 16~17 cm is the best), the small width of the stair-step is not less than 24 cm, so the width should be comfortable It is 27~30 cm (this can ensure that the center of gravity of the foot is on the center of the foot, and 90% of the heel is on the step to ensure safety). Generally, the stair-step is 12~14 steps, if it exceeds 15 steps, a rest platform is required. The height of the stair steps should be as consistent as possible (it is that the steep steps and the first step steps of the stairs may be slightly adjusted due to the actual construction, but should be controlled within 4 cm, not more than 2~3 cm, otherwise it is easy to have The illusion of stepping in the air); the height of the stairs from the first step to the ceiling must have a clearance of more than 2m, not less than 1.8m, otherwise it will produce a sense of oppression.

The glass stairs

The glass stairs